The main symptoms of diabetes for Types 1 and 2, include feeling thirsty, frequent urination, especially during the night, extreme tiredness, unexplained weight loss, genital itching or thrush, slow healing cuts and blurred vision.
Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
The symptoms are usually obvious and develop quickly. In Type 2, the condition develops slowly over several years and therefore the signs may not be so obvious. In both cases, symptoms are quickly relieved once treatment starts and blood sugar levels are under control.
Around one in 4 people who are diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes are suffering from a potentially life-threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. The symptoms of this condition are a serious loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, temperature, stomach pains and a fruity, chemical smell on the breath (similar to pear drops).
High blood sugar levels are very damaging to the body. When diabetes is not managed well, diabetes is associated with serious complications including heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, nerve damage and amputations. However, blood sugar levels can usually be controlled managed in both Type 1 and Type 2 with a combination of diet, exercise and medication. Regular medical check-ups are essential to catch any problems early.
When on insulin treatment people can develop abnormally low blood sugar levels. Symptoms include pale, sweaty skin, confusion, slurring, headaches, double vision and in extreme cases, unconsciousness. Rapid administration of glucose is needed to return blood sugar levels to a normal level.
For more information on Diabetes click here to access the Diabetes UK website
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